The objectives of this session are to discuss important safety points about welding and cutting. By the end of the session, you will be able to identify the major safety and health hazards, know the different welding processes, select appropriate personal protective equipment, or PPE, and implement controls needed to prevent or control fires.
Why “Welding and Cutting Safety (INT)” Matters:
Welding is a hazardous activity that poses a unique combination of both safety and health risks to more than 500,000 workers in a wide variety of industries.
Because it is a common operation in many workplaces, its hazards are often underappreciated.
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) reports that more than four deaths per thousand workers are attributed to welding accidents.
Welders must be suitably trained in the safe operation of equipment and the selection of appropriate PPE. Only trained and qualified personnel are allowed to use welding equipment.
Fire watchers must be trained in the use of fire extinguishing equipment and know how to sound the alarm in the event of a fire.
Workers who handle oxygen and fuel-gas supply equipment must be trained to recognize the hazards and take necessary safety precautions to prevent fires and explosions.
Required by 29 CFR 1910.251-255 (Subpart Q).
- All types of welding processes used today involve high heat and potential for fires, burns, and other hazards. Know the hazards in your area. Some of these hazards include:
- Shock; and
- Toxic exposures to fumes, gases and vapors.
- Follow proper procedures to prevent fires.
- Use appropriate engineering controls, such as ventilation, shields, and screens to protect you or others in the area.
- Wear appropriate PPE, such as gloves, safety glasses, helmets, and aprons.